Dyslexia is a neurological condition which impacts on the ability to process information and to form relationships between language and literacy. Students may have difficulty reading aloud and make frequent omissions and substitutions. As a result they may read and re-read with little comprehension. Such students may have been sent for vision tests which reveal no problem with eyesight. Typically, these students will have difficulty with sequences eg letters within words, words within sentences and following instructions in order.
Most people with dyslexia appear to be born with it although some acquire it through accident or illness. There is a strong genetic link.
Dyslexia affects approximately 10% of the population in very mild to moderate forms. It affects more boys than girls.
Dyslexia is not related to intelligence; each person will have an uneven profile of skills. In some cases it occurs with dyspraxia, attention deficit disorder and dysphasia.
Dyspraxia affects the ability to process information ie. receiving, storing and manipulating ideas. It impacts on reading, writing and mathematics. Some common characteristics include:
People with dyslexia may be highly developed in problem solving, creativitiy and verbal skills. Develop an understanding of the student’s unique profile of skills and abilities in order to capitalise on strengths.
Arranged for special provisions in assessment tasks – writer, extra time, separate supervision?
Colour-coded key terms and concepts?
Provided assistive technologies?
Displayed unit outlines, objectives and schedules in the classroom?
Issued materials prior to the lesson for student to preview?