A Mild Intellectual Disability (IM) refers to students with an IQ in the range of 55-70. Learning Disabilities are reflected in problems with acquisition and retention of information. These students may have impairments in oral language, reading, writing and mathematics with functioning which is significantly lower than age peers. In addition to academic areas, the student may have difficulties with organisation, self-care and social skills.
Students in the IM range may have been affected by a wide number of factors including genetic influence and language exposure. There is a notable genetic link as siblings may function in a similar range.
Students in this range reflect less than 1% of the general school population.
Cognitive and adaptive functioning assessments reveal performance compared to age peers. Referrals to the Learning Support Team and contact with parents may be necessary. Considerations include:
Teachers may notice:
Students may qualify for funding to enable access to specialised classes and in-class support in the mainstream. Students may require tasks to be broken down into smaller, manageable sections or adapted to reduce literacy demands.
Broken tasks down into smaller, manageable steps?
Displayed rules and expectations on classroom noticeboards?
Established a reward system and method for students to self-monitor progress?
Included opportunities for age-appropriate manipulatives?
Rearranged lessons to include periods of high engagement?