Physical · Epilepsy

Epilepsy · Profile

What is it?

Epilepsy is a term commonly used to describe chronic neurological disorders which are characterised by recurring seizures.

What causes it?

Epilepsy is a disorder of brain function that takes the form of recurring convulsive or non-convulsive seizures. In most cases the cause of epilepsy is unknown, but the following issues have been identified as potential causes: Brain injury, structural abnormalities in brain development, infections that affect the brain, stroke or a period of oxygen deprivation to the brain.


10% of the Australian population are at risk of being affected.

Medical Considerations

The following factors are believed to trigger seizures:


Epilepsy is not just one condition; rather it is a diverse family of disorders comprising many seizure types. Seizures can occur without prediction when the brains nerve cells misfire and generate sudden, uncontrolled burst of electrical activity in the brain. Seizures can be classified as either partial or generalised seizures, affecting people in different ways. Simple partial seizures are that in which the epileptic activity occurs in one area of the brain does not interfere with consciousness. A person whose epilepsy has been caused by injury to the area of the brain which controls movements of one leg may experience a series of involuntary jerking movements of that leg as the only symptom. Generalised seizures involves epileptic activity that affect the entire and the symptoms relate to whole body, resulting in a loss of consciousness.


It is important to have a clear understanding of the student’s health needs. Access the student’s Health Care Plan and maintain contact with parents and the Learning Support Team.

Further Information

Epilepsy Australia Better Health VIC

Epilepsy · Educational

Lesson Preparation & Materials

Teaching Strategies

Feedback & Assessment

Epilepsy · Pastoral

Classroom Management

Peers & SLSOs


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