Physical · Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy · Profile

What is it?

It is a genetic disorder caused by a faulty or missing gene, either inherited or occurring as a spontaneous mutation.

Progressively, the muscles themselves begin to die. As muscle cells break down and fat cells form in their place, the muscle weakens and loses the ability to contract.

Usually the voluntary muscles are the most vulnerable, but some forms of muscular dystrophy may also weaken the heart and respiratory (involuntary) muscles.

What causes it?

Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disease that is characterised by a progressive muscular degeneration.


Muscular Dystrophy occurs in approximately 1 in 3500 male births

Medical Considerations

There are two main types of muscular dystrophy:

This type includes when the muscles cannot relax after contraction.

This is when the muscle tissue is degenerating and being replaced with fatty tissue. This is the most common form and quickest degenerative muscular dystrophy.


Some, but not necessarily all, of the following characteristics may be present in varied degrees of severity:


Students may feel depression and experience social withdrawal. Be sensitive to changes and notify parents of any concerns.

Further Information

The Special Ed Wiki

Muscular Dystrophy · Educational

Lesson Preparation & Materials

Teaching Strategies

Feedback & Assessment

Muscular Dystrophy · Pastoral

Classroom Management

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