Social / Emotional · Oppositional Defiance Disorder

Oppositional Defiance Disorder · Profile

What is it?

While most children are oppositional or defiant at some time in their lives, children with Oppositional Defiance Disorder show an ongoing pattern of behaviour over at least 6 months which is disproportionate to their age peers and causes disruption at home and school. This is usually directed outward at parents, teachers and other authority figures.

What causes it?

The cause of ODD is not yet known but may be due to the child’s temperament, neurological causes or a chemical imbalance.


Girls with ODD are often more aggressive with words (eg. lying) and boys are more likely to lose their temper and argue with adults.

Medical Considerations

Students display behaviours which are more extreme than expected of students of that age.


Children with Oppositional Defiance may display a number of behaviours:

It is important to distinguish these behaviours from those which are symptoms of mood disorders such as depression. In some children this may evolve into a conduct disorder or Antisocial Personality Disorder. This can be addressed through therapy and behaviour modification.


Teaching students self-management strategies can be of great benefit: allow for self-imposed time-outs, identify stressors, teach calming strategies, set goals and develop consistent routines.

Further Information

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional Defiance Disorder · Educational

Lesson Preparation & Materials

Teaching Strategies

Feedback & Assessment

Oppositional Defiance Disorder · Pastoral

Classroom Management

Peers & SLSOs


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